The body has two kidneys located behind the liver and stomach. It is responsible for eliminating liquid waste from the body through urine. The kidneys also help control blood pressure and stimulate the bone marrow to produce red blood cells. The renal pelvis is located in the center of the kidney. It collects urine and feeds it into the ureters, which are two tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder.
When the cells in the kidney start to grow out of control, it causes kidney or renal pelvis cancer. Every year, 37,000 men and 21,000 women develop renal cancer, and around 4000 women and 9000 men die because of this disease.
Symptoms of renal cancer
Types of renal cancer
There are different types of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The cancer cells develop on the inner lining of the tubules, which are the tiny tubes in the kidney. The cells can grow in a tumor and cause obstruction.
Risk factors of renal cancer
The risk of renal cancer may increase due to several factors:
Tips to lower the risk of renal cancer
One can lower the risk of renal cancer by:
Treatment options for renal cancer
The first line of treatment for renal cancer is surgery. Other treatment options include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy.